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Plant exposures ... a national profile of the most common plant genera.
Vet Hum Toxicol. 1997 Aug; 39(4):248-9.VH

Abstract

Plant exposures are the 4th most common cause of poisoning and 85% of those exposures involve the pediatric population. The large number of plant-related exposures and the lack of knowledge about plant toxicity has led to plant paranoia and considerable educational efforts to reduce the number of exposures. These efforts are often dictated by misconceptions and folklore. American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) data on all plant exposures for the years 1985-1994 were electronically analyzed by plant genus to establish a frequency distribution of all plant exposures in the United States. A total of 912,534 plant exposure cases were analyzed to tabulate the top 100 plant exposures. Philodendron spp were the most common exposures, followed by Dieffenbachia spp, Euphorbia spp, Capsicum spp and Ilex spp. Plant exposures are very common and poison information centers devote significant clinical service and educational effort to manage these exposures and enhance the public's awareness. Awareness of specific plant species and exposure frequency in a poison center region can serve as a basis for staff education and as the cornerstone for the development of appropriate information in poison prevention and education brochures. This can direct better utilization of poison center financial resources.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pittsburgh Poison Center, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9251180

Citation

Krenzelok, E P., and T D. Jacobsen. "Plant Exposures ... a National Profile of the Most Common Plant Genera." Veterinary and Human Toxicology, vol. 39, no. 4, 1997, pp. 248-9.
Krenzelok EP, Jacobsen TD. Plant exposures ... a national profile of the most common plant genera. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1997;39(4):248-9.
Krenzelok, E. P., & Jacobsen, T. D. (1997). Plant exposures ... a national profile of the most common plant genera. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 39(4), 248-9.
Krenzelok EP, Jacobsen TD. Plant Exposures ... a National Profile of the Most Common Plant Genera. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1997;39(4):248-9. PubMed PMID: 9251180.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Plant exposures ... a national profile of the most common plant genera. AU - Krenzelok,E P, AU - Jacobsen,T D, PY - 1997/8/1/pubmed PY - 1997/8/1/medline PY - 1997/8/1/entrez SP - 248 EP - 9 JF - Veterinary and human toxicology JO - Vet Hum Toxicol VL - 39 IS - 4 N2 - Plant exposures are the 4th most common cause of poisoning and 85% of those exposures involve the pediatric population. The large number of plant-related exposures and the lack of knowledge about plant toxicity has led to plant paranoia and considerable educational efforts to reduce the number of exposures. These efforts are often dictated by misconceptions and folklore. American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) data on all plant exposures for the years 1985-1994 were electronically analyzed by plant genus to establish a frequency distribution of all plant exposures in the United States. A total of 912,534 plant exposure cases were analyzed to tabulate the top 100 plant exposures. Philodendron spp were the most common exposures, followed by Dieffenbachia spp, Euphorbia spp, Capsicum spp and Ilex spp. Plant exposures are very common and poison information centers devote significant clinical service and educational effort to manage these exposures and enhance the public's awareness. Awareness of specific plant species and exposure frequency in a poison center region can serve as a basis for staff education and as the cornerstone for the development of appropriate information in poison prevention and education brochures. This can direct better utilization of poison center financial resources. SN - 0145-6296 UR - https://wwww.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9251180/Plant_exposures_____a_national_profile_of_the_most_common_plant_genera_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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