Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES).Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 1996 Feb; 74(1):45-7.AO
The blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome is characterized by shortening of the horizontal orbital fissure (blepharophimosis), congenital ptosis and epicanthus inversus. The condition may occur either as an autosomal dominant trait (blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome types 1 and 2), or sporadically. Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome type 1 is associated with female infertility. Mental subnormality may occur, especially in the sporadic cases. Chromosome analysis from a few patients suggests that the genetic defect causing the syndrome is localized to chromosome 3q22.