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An open-label, randomized controlled trial of the reconsolidation of traumatic memories protocol (RTM) in military women.
Psychol Trauma. 2021 Sep; 13(6):641-651.PT

Abstract

Objective: PTSD in female veterans and service members (SMs) is understudied, and new, effective treatments for PTSD are needed. Reconsolidation of Traumatic Memories (RTM) is a brief, manualized treatment for PTSD previously piloted in RCTs of male veterans and SMs. Here we examine RTM's effect on military women with PTSD. Method: We report a waitlist RCT using 30 military-connected females with DSM-IV-TR PTSD diagnoses, including current-month nightmares or flashbacks. Trauma types include military sexual trauma, other sexual traumas, combat, and other trauma types. Participants were randomized to treatment or waitlist. Of those enrolled, 97% completed treatment. Independent psychometricians, blinded to treatment condition, evaluated participants at intake, postwait, and two weeks post. The clinician took follow-up measures at six months and one year. The primary measure was the PTSD Symptom Scale-Interview (PSS-I). The secondary measure was the PTSD Checklist. Participants received up to three 120-min sessions of RTM. Results: RTM eliminated intrusive symptoms and significantly decreased symptom scale ratings in 90% (n = 27) of participants, versus 0% of controls (p < .001). Two-week treatment group PSS-I scores dropped 33.9 points versus 3.9 points for postwait controls (g = 3.7; 95% CI [2.5, 4.8]; p < .001). Treatment results were stable to 1 year. Conclusions: RTM effectively treated PTSD, independent of trauma source in female SMs and veterans effectively replicating previous results in male populations. Further research is recommended. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Research and Recognition Project.The Research and Recognition Project.The Research and Recognition Project.The Research and Recognition Project.

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial Protocol
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33211519

Citation

Gray, Richard M., et al. "An Open-label, Randomized Controlled Trial of the Reconsolidation of Traumatic Memories Protocol (RTM) in Military Women." Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy, vol. 13, no. 6, 2021, pp. 641-651.
Gray RM, Budden-Potts D, Schwall RJ, et al. An open-label, randomized controlled trial of the reconsolidation of traumatic memories protocol (RTM) in military women. Psychol Trauma. 2021;13(6):641-651.
Gray, R. M., Budden-Potts, D., Schwall, R. J., & Bourke, F. F. (2021). An open-label, randomized controlled trial of the reconsolidation of traumatic memories protocol (RTM) in military women. Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy, 13(6), 641-651. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000986
Gray RM, et al. An Open-label, Randomized Controlled Trial of the Reconsolidation of Traumatic Memories Protocol (RTM) in Military Women. Psychol Trauma. 2021;13(6):641-651. PubMed PMID: 33211519.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An open-label, randomized controlled trial of the reconsolidation of traumatic memories protocol (RTM) in military women. AU - Gray,Richard M, AU - Budden-Potts,Denise, AU - Schwall,Richard J, AU - Bourke,Frank F, Y1 - 2020/11/19/ PY - 2020/11/20/pubmed PY - 2022/3/29/medline PY - 2020/11/19/entrez SP - 641 EP - 651 JF - Psychological trauma : theory, research, practice and policy JO - Psychol Trauma VL - 13 IS - 6 N2 - Objective: PTSD in female veterans and service members (SMs) is understudied, and new, effective treatments for PTSD are needed. Reconsolidation of Traumatic Memories (RTM) is a brief, manualized treatment for PTSD previously piloted in RCTs of male veterans and SMs. Here we examine RTM's effect on military women with PTSD. Method: We report a waitlist RCT using 30 military-connected females with DSM-IV-TR PTSD diagnoses, including current-month nightmares or flashbacks. Trauma types include military sexual trauma, other sexual traumas, combat, and other trauma types. Participants were randomized to treatment or waitlist. Of those enrolled, 97% completed treatment. Independent psychometricians, blinded to treatment condition, evaluated participants at intake, postwait, and two weeks post. The clinician took follow-up measures at six months and one year. The primary measure was the PTSD Symptom Scale-Interview (PSS-I). The secondary measure was the PTSD Checklist. Participants received up to three 120-min sessions of RTM. Results: RTM eliminated intrusive symptoms and significantly decreased symptom scale ratings in 90% (n = 27) of participants, versus 0% of controls (p < .001). Two-week treatment group PSS-I scores dropped 33.9 points versus 3.9 points for postwait controls (g = 3.7; 95% CI [2.5, 4.8]; p < .001). Treatment results were stable to 1 year. Conclusions: RTM effectively treated PTSD, independent of trauma source in female SMs and veterans effectively replicating previous results in male populations. Further research is recommended. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved). SN - 1942-969X UR - https://wwww.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33211519/An_open-label,_randomized_controlled_trial_of_the_reconsolidation_of_traumatic_memories_protocol_(RTM)_in_military_women. L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/tra/13/6/641 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -