Long-term effects of etelcalcetide as intravenous calcimimetic therapy in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism.Clin Exp Nephrol. 2018 Apr; 22(2):426-436.CE
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a serious major complication in hemodialysis patients with chronic kidney disease. Long-term maintenance of serum phosphate, calcium, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in appropriate ranges in these patients is a major challenge. We investigated the efficacy and safety of long-term treatment with etelcalcetide, a novel intravenous calcimimetic, in Japanese SHPT patients on long-term hemodialysis.
This study was a multicenter open-label study. A total of 191 hemodialysis patients with serum intact PTH (iPTH) > 240 pg/mL were enrolled. Etelcalcetide was administered thrice weekly for 52 weeks, with an initial dose of 5 mg and flexibility to adjust the dose between 2.5 and 15 mg and to adjust the dosing of concomitant medications for SHPT. The efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients with serum iPTH decreased to the target range (60-240 pg/mL).
Serum iPTH levels decreased immediately after etelcalcetide was started. At the end of the study, 87.5% (95% confidence interval 81.4-92.2; 140/160 patients) of patients achieved target serum iPTH levels, with control of serum calcium and phosphate levels. Adverse events, mostly mild to moderate, were reported by 96.8% of patients and led to study discontinuation in 7.4% of patients. Nausea, vomiting, and symptomatic hypocalcemia were found in 4.7, 9.5, and 1.1%, with 0.5, 1.1, and 1.1% considered treatment-related.
Etelcalcetide effectively maintained serum iPTH, calcium, and phosphate levels in appropriate ranges with concomitant medications for SHPT for 52 weeks in Japanese hemodialysis patients, and was safe and well tolerated.