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Emissions of microplastic fibers from microfiber fleece during domestic washing.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Nov; 23(21):22206-22211.ES

Abstract

Microplastics are found in marine and freshwater environments; however, their specific sources are not yet well understood. Understanding sources will be of key importance in efforts to reduce emissions into the environment. We examined the emissions of microfibers from domestic washing of a new microfiber polyester fleece textile. Analyzing released fibers collected with a 200 μm filter during 10 mild, successive washing cycles showed that emission initially decreased and then stabilized at approx. 0.0012 wt%. This value is our estimation for the long-term release of fibers during each washing. Use of detergent and softener did not significantly influence emission. Release of fibers during tumble drying was approx. 3.5 times higher than during washing.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Gimnazija Vič, Tržaška 72, Ljubljana, Slovenia.Gimnazija Vič, Tržaška 72, Ljubljana, Slovenia.Gimnazija Vič, Tržaška 72, Ljubljana, Slovenia.National Institute of Chemistry, Laboratory for Polymer Chemistry and Technology, Hajdrihova 19, Ljubljana, Slovenia. andrej.krzan@ki.si.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27658400

Citation

Pirc, U, et al. "Emissions of Microplastic Fibers From Microfiber Fleece During Domestic Washing." Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, vol. 23, no. 21, 2016, pp. 22206-22211.
Pirc U, Vidmar M, Mozer A, et al. Emissions of microplastic fibers from microfiber fleece during domestic washing. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23(21):22206-22211.
Pirc, U., Vidmar, M., Mozer, A., & Kržan, A. (2016). Emissions of microplastic fibers from microfiber fleece during domestic washing. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 23(21), 22206-22211.
Pirc U, et al. Emissions of Microplastic Fibers From Microfiber Fleece During Domestic Washing. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23(21):22206-22211. PubMed PMID: 27658400.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emissions of microplastic fibers from microfiber fleece during domestic washing. AU - Pirc,U, AU - Vidmar,M, AU - Mozer,A, AU - Kržan,A, Y1 - 2016/09/22/ PY - 2016/06/25/received PY - 2016/09/12/accepted PY - 2016/9/24/pubmed PY - 2017/3/14/medline PY - 2016/9/24/entrez KW - Fiber KW - Microplastics KW - Pollution KW - Polyethylene terephthalate KW - Textile KW - Washing SP - 22206 EP - 22211 JF - Environmental science and pollution research international JO - Environ Sci Pollut Res Int VL - 23 IS - 21 N2 - Microplastics are found in marine and freshwater environments; however, their specific sources are not yet well understood. Understanding sources will be of key importance in efforts to reduce emissions into the environment. We examined the emissions of microfibers from domestic washing of a new microfiber polyester fleece textile. Analyzing released fibers collected with a 200 μm filter during 10 mild, successive washing cycles showed that emission initially decreased and then stabilized at approx. 0.0012 wt%. This value is our estimation for the long-term release of fibers during each washing. Use of detergent and softener did not significantly influence emission. Release of fibers during tumble drying was approx. 3.5 times higher than during washing. SN - 1614-7499 UR - https://wwww.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27658400/Emissions_of_microplastic_fibers_from_microfiber_fleece_during_domestic_washing_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7703-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -