Unintentional use of mistaken insulin products: a retrospective review of poison center data.J Emerg Med. 2013 Oct; 45(4):547-53.JE
There are no guidelines for the management of accidental insulin administration. We hypothesized that home monitoring of asymptomatic patients (pts) was safe following unintentionally insulin administration.
Retrospective review of poison center (PCC) charts from 1/1/2000-12/31/2010 looking for accidental insulin administrations.
pt must be prescribed insulin. Information recorded from charts: pt age/gender, "intended" and "mistaken" insulin formulations/doses, use of oral diabetic agents, management site, Emergency Department (ED) referral, symptoms, blood glucose values, and treatments. Defined outcomes: symptoms (e.g., altered sensorium); hypoglycemia (<60 mg/dL); management site; health care facility (HCF) admission; and death. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine outcome predictors.
652 charts met inclusion criteria. Mean age was 56.4 years; most (58.5%) were women. Most (89%) calls originated from home, 10.7% from a HCF, 0.3% from Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Overall, 397 (60.9%) pts were managed at home. Two pts managed at home were later evaluated by EMS; neither required admission. Symptoms developed in 56 (8.6%) pts. There were no deaths. Only 40 (6.1%) pts were admitted to a HCF; 18 (45%) pts were hypoglycemic. The development of hypoglycemia (odds ratio [OR] 5.94; p < 0.001) and amount of insulin accidentally administered (OR 1.04; p < 0.001) predicted HCF referral. The type and dose of insulin administered did not predict symptoms.
Based on a retrospective analysis of a single PCC's cases, home observation of asymptomatic patients after unintentional administration of a wrong insulin formulation appears safe.