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Hospital in the field: prehospital management of GHB intoxication by medical assistance teams.
Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012 Oct; 27(5):463-7.PD

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Recreational use of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is increasingly common at mass-gathering dance events in Australia. Overdose often occurs in clusters, and places a significant burden on the surrounding health care infrastructure.

OBJECTIVE

To describe the clinical presentation, required interventions and disposition of patrons with GHB intoxication at dance events, when managed by dedicated medical assistance teams.

METHODS

Retrospective analysis of all patrons attending St. John Ambulance medical assistance teams at dance events in the state of Victoria (Australia), from January 2010 through May 2011. Main outcome measures Clinical presentation, medical interventions and discharge destination.

RESULTS

Sixty-one patients with GHB intoxication attended medical teams during the study period. The median age was 22 years, and 64% were male. Altered conscious state was present in 89% of attendances, and a GCS <9 in 44%. Hypotension, bradycardia and hypothermia were commonly encountered. Endotracheal intubation was required in three percent of patrons. Median length of stay onsite was 90 minutes. Ambulance transport to hospital was avoided in 65% of presentations.

CONCLUSIONS

The deployment of medical teams at dance events and music festivals successfully managed the majority of GHB intoxications onsite and avoided acute care ambulance transfer and emergency department attendance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

St. John Ambulance Australia, Melbourne, Australia. mdutch@stjohnvic.com.auNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22809488

Citation

Dutch, Martin J., and Kristy B. Austin. "Hospital in the Field: Prehospital Management of GHB Intoxication By Medical Assistance Teams." Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, vol. 27, no. 5, 2012, pp. 463-7.
Dutch MJ, Austin KB. Hospital in the field: prehospital management of GHB intoxication by medical assistance teams. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012;27(5):463-7.
Dutch, M. J., & Austin, K. B. (2012). Hospital in the field: prehospital management of GHB intoxication by medical assistance teams. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 27(5), 463-7. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X12000994
Dutch MJ, Austin KB. Hospital in the Field: Prehospital Management of GHB Intoxication By Medical Assistance Teams. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012;27(5):463-7. PubMed PMID: 22809488.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hospital in the field: prehospital management of GHB intoxication by medical assistance teams. AU - Dutch,Martin J, AU - Austin,Kristy B, Y1 - 2012/07/19/ PY - 2012/7/20/entrez PY - 2012/7/20/pubmed PY - 2013/1/4/medline SP - 463 EP - 7 JF - Prehospital and disaster medicine JO - Prehosp Disaster Med VL - 27 IS - 5 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Recreational use of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is increasingly common at mass-gathering dance events in Australia. Overdose often occurs in clusters, and places a significant burden on the surrounding health care infrastructure. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation, required interventions and disposition of patrons with GHB intoxication at dance events, when managed by dedicated medical assistance teams. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patrons attending St. John Ambulance medical assistance teams at dance events in the state of Victoria (Australia), from January 2010 through May 2011. Main outcome measures Clinical presentation, medical interventions and discharge destination. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients with GHB intoxication attended medical teams during the study period. The median age was 22 years, and 64% were male. Altered conscious state was present in 89% of attendances, and a GCS <9 in 44%. Hypotension, bradycardia and hypothermia were commonly encountered. Endotracheal intubation was required in three percent of patrons. Median length of stay onsite was 90 minutes. Ambulance transport to hospital was avoided in 65% of presentations. CONCLUSIONS: The deployment of medical teams at dance events and music festivals successfully managed the majority of GHB intoxications onsite and avoided acute care ambulance transfer and emergency department attendance. SN - 1049-023X UR - https://wwww.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22809488/Hospital_in_the_field:_prehospital_management_of_GHB_intoxication_by_medical_assistance_teams_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -