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Normative data and determinants for the timed "up and go" test in a population-based sample of elderly individuals without gait disturbances.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To define the standard performance of elderly people without gait disturbances in the "Timed Up and Go" test (TUG) and investigate its determinants.

METHODS

A population-based sample of 527 community-dwelling subjects, 71 to 99 years of age, was studied using a clinical, neurological, and cognitive standardized protocol which included the TUG (time to get up, walk 3 meters, go back and sit down again).

RESULTS

Sixty one subjects were unable to perform the TUG and 158 were excluded because of abnormal gait. 308 subjects without gait disturbances performed the TUG (mean age 77.5 +/- 5.2 years); males 171, (55%) in 10.2 +/- 3.1 seconds (range 5-25). The TUG time was higher in females (11.2 +/- 3.2 seconds; males: 9.3 +/- 2.8), was positively correlated with age (r = 0.25, p < 0.001). Mean TUG times by age group were: 71-75 years: 9.5 +/- 2.5 sec.; 76-80 years: 9.9 +/- 3 sec.; 81-85 years: 11.2 +/- 3.6 sec; and 86-99 years: 12 +/- 3.8 seconds). TUG times were also related to cognitive impairment (Global Deterioration Scale, r = 0.27, p < 0.001), weight (r = -0.18, p < 0.001), height (r = -0.29, p <0.001), head circumference (r = -0.24, p < 0.001) and nutritional status (Mini Nutritional Assessment, r = -0.31, p < 0.001). A regression model explaining 25.8% of TUG variance included age, gender, weight, nutritional status and cognitive impairment as independent determinants of TUG scores.

CONCLUSIONS

The TUG performance of elderly people over 70 without apparent gait disturbances depends on age and other non motor variables such as female gender, weight, nutritional status and cognitive impairment.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Section of Neurology, Hospital Servero Ochoa, Avda Orellana s/n leganes, 28911 Madrid. mpondals@yahoo.es

    Source

    MeSH

    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Female
    Gait
    Geriatric Assessment
    Humans
    Interviews as Topic
    Longitudinal Studies
    Male
    Reference Values
    Regression Analysis
    Spain
    Statistics, Nonparametric
    Time Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19856551

    Citation

    Pondal, Margarita, and Teodoro del Ser. "Normative Data and Determinants for the Timed "up and Go" Test in a Population-based Sample of Elderly Individuals Without Gait Disturbances." Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy (2001), vol. 31, no. 2, 2008, pp. 57-63.
    Pondal M, del Ser T. Normative data and determinants for the timed "up and go" test in a population-based sample of elderly individuals without gait disturbances. J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2008;31(2):57-63.
    Pondal, M., & del Ser, T. (2008). Normative data and determinants for the timed "up and go" test in a population-based sample of elderly individuals without gait disturbances. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy (2001), 31(2), pp. 57-63.
    Pondal M, del Ser T. Normative Data and Determinants for the Timed "up and Go" Test in a Population-based Sample of Elderly Individuals Without Gait Disturbances. J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2008;31(2):57-63. PubMed PMID: 19856551.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Normative data and determinants for the timed "up and go" test in a population-based sample of elderly individuals without gait disturbances. AU - Pondal,Margarita, AU - del Ser,Teodoro, PY - 2009/10/28/entrez PY - 2008/1/1/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 57 EP - 63 JF - Journal of geriatric physical therapy (2001) JO - J Geriatr Phys Ther VL - 31 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To define the standard performance of elderly people without gait disturbances in the "Timed Up and Go" test (TUG) and investigate its determinants. METHODS: A population-based sample of 527 community-dwelling subjects, 71 to 99 years of age, was studied using a clinical, neurological, and cognitive standardized protocol which included the TUG (time to get up, walk 3 meters, go back and sit down again). RESULTS: Sixty one subjects were unable to perform the TUG and 158 were excluded because of abnormal gait. 308 subjects without gait disturbances performed the TUG (mean age 77.5 +/- 5.2 years); males 171, (55%) in 10.2 +/- 3.1 seconds (range 5-25). The TUG time was higher in females (11.2 +/- 3.2 seconds; males: 9.3 +/- 2.8), was positively correlated with age (r = 0.25, p < 0.001). Mean TUG times by age group were: 71-75 years: 9.5 +/- 2.5 sec.; 76-80 years: 9.9 +/- 3 sec.; 81-85 years: 11.2 +/- 3.6 sec; and 86-99 years: 12 +/- 3.8 seconds). TUG times were also related to cognitive impairment (Global Deterioration Scale, r = 0.27, p < 0.001), weight (r = -0.18, p < 0.001), height (r = -0.29, p <0.001), head circumference (r = -0.24, p < 0.001) and nutritional status (Mini Nutritional Assessment, r = -0.31, p < 0.001). A regression model explaining 25.8% of TUG variance included age, gender, weight, nutritional status and cognitive impairment as independent determinants of TUG scores. CONCLUSIONS: The TUG performance of elderly people over 70 without apparent gait disturbances depends on age and other non motor variables such as female gender, weight, nutritional status and cognitive impairment. SN - 1539-8412 UR - https://wwww.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19856551/Normative_data_and_determinants_for_the_timed_"up_and_go"_test_in_a_population_based_sample_of_elderly_individuals_without_gait_disturbances_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=19856551 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -