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Oral health status of low-income, middle-aged to elderly Hong Kong Chinese with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Oral Health Prev Dent. 2008; 6(2):105-18.OH

Abstract

PURPOSE

To study oral health conditions, diabetic medical complications and their association in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Cross-sectional survey of 364 type 2 DM patients (63.6 +/- 10.1 years, 54% female) and 161 controls (64.1 +/- 10.6 years, 53% female) with or without essential hypertension, predominantly low-income, attending a hospital were recruited. Periodontal disease (Community Periodontal Index [CPI]) and dental status (decayed, missing and filled teeth [DMFT]) were recorded. Fasting plasma glucose and, for DM patients, HbA1C and DM complications were recorded on enrolment and follow up, respectively.

RESULTS

Many DM subjects had fair diabetic control. Both groups (control/DM) had poor oral health: DMFT = 14.5/16.8, CPI 4 = 36%/50%, (P < 0.02) while DM subjects had less DT(adjusted) = 2.1/1.4 (P < 0.01). Of the follow-up DM individuals, 294 (81%) had medical complication(s). Regression analyses showed association between advanced periodontal attachment loss (ALoss) and age, male gender, smoking and DM; MT and DMFT were associated with age, female gender, smoking, DM and hypertension. ALoss and DMFT were not associated with DM complications.

CONCLUSIONS

The oral health of the surveyed Chinese subjects was poor. Type 2 DM subjects were affected more by ALoss and MT but less DT. Subjects with hypertension had higher odds for MT.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Room 3B39, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, 34 Hospital Road, Hong Kong SAR, PR China. ewkleung@hkucc.hku.hkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18637388

Citation

Leung, W Keung, et al. "Oral Health Status of Low-income, Middle-aged to Elderly Hong Kong Chinese With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus." Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, vol. 6, no. 2, 2008, pp. 105-18.
Leung WK, Siu SC, Chu FC, et al. Oral health status of low-income, middle-aged to elderly Hong Kong Chinese with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2008;6(2):105-18.
Leung, W. K., Siu, S. C., Chu, F. C., Wong, K. W., Jin, L., Sham, A. S., Tsang, C. S., & Samaranayake, L. P. (2008). Oral health status of low-income, middle-aged to elderly Hong Kong Chinese with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, 6(2), 105-18.
Leung WK, et al. Oral Health Status of Low-income, Middle-aged to Elderly Hong Kong Chinese With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2008;6(2):105-18. PubMed PMID: 18637388.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Oral health status of low-income, middle-aged to elderly Hong Kong Chinese with type 2 diabetes mellitus. AU - Leung,W Keung, AU - Siu,Shing-Chung, AU - Chu,Frederick C S, AU - Wong,Ka Wai, AU - Jin,Lijian, AU - Sham,Arthur S K, AU - Tsang,C S Peter, AU - Samaranayake,Lakshman P, PY - 2008/7/22/pubmed PY - 2008/10/10/medline PY - 2008/7/22/entrez SP - 105 EP - 18 JF - Oral health & preventive dentistry JO - Oral Health Prev Dent VL - 6 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: To study oral health conditions, diabetic medical complications and their association in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 364 type 2 DM patients (63.6 +/- 10.1 years, 54% female) and 161 controls (64.1 +/- 10.6 years, 53% female) with or without essential hypertension, predominantly low-income, attending a hospital were recruited. Periodontal disease (Community Periodontal Index [CPI]) and dental status (decayed, missing and filled teeth [DMFT]) were recorded. Fasting plasma glucose and, for DM patients, HbA1C and DM complications were recorded on enrolment and follow up, respectively. RESULTS: Many DM subjects had fair diabetic control. Both groups (control/DM) had poor oral health: DMFT = 14.5/16.8, CPI 4 = 36%/50%, (P < 0.02) while DM subjects had less DT(adjusted) = 2.1/1.4 (P < 0.01). Of the follow-up DM individuals, 294 (81%) had medical complication(s). Regression analyses showed association between advanced periodontal attachment loss (ALoss) and age, male gender, smoking and DM; MT and DMFT were associated with age, female gender, smoking, DM and hypertension. ALoss and DMFT were not associated with DM complications. CONCLUSIONS: The oral health of the surveyed Chinese subjects was poor. Type 2 DM subjects were affected more by ALoss and MT but less DT. Subjects with hypertension had higher odds for MT. SN - 1602-1622 UR - https://wwww.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18637388/Oral_health_status_of_low_income_middle_aged_to_elderly_Hong_Kong_Chinese_with_type_2_diabetes_mellitus_ L2 - https://www.quintessence-publishing.com/deu/en/article/841585 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -