Drug Insight: renal indications of calcimimetics.Nat Clin Pract Nephrol. 2006 Jun; 2(6):316-25.NC
Calcimimetics suppress the secretion of parathyroid hormone by sensitizing the parathyroid calcium receptor to serum calcium. Cinacalcet (Sensipar/Mimpara), Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA), the first-in-class calcimimetic agent approved for treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in dialysis patients, is, in association with higher dose of a calcium-based oral phosphate binder, a well-tolerated and effective alternative to standard treatments such as vitamin D derivatives in association with a non-calcium-based oral phosphate binder. Here, we present an overview of evidence in support of this assertion. We extend our discussion to encompass other indications for calcimimetics -- secondary hyperparathyroidism in predialysis chronic kidney disease patients, hypercalcemic hyperparathyroidism in renal transplant recipients, primary hyperparathyroidism, and hypercalcemia associated with parathyroid carcinoma -- as well as providing guidance on optimal usage of this drug.