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Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) exposures in Texas, 1998-2004.
J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2006 Oct; 69(19):1757-62.JT

Abstract

For centuries, jimsonweed, Datura stramonium, was known to produce hallucinogenic effects. Jimsonweed is easily obtained and may be abused by adolescents. This investigation examined the patterns of jimsonweed exposures reported to Texas poison control centers during 1998-2004. A total of 188 reported human exposures were identified. Seventy-six percent of the exposures occurred in June-October. For those cases where the information was known, the majority were male (82%) and age 13-19 yr (72%). Intentional abuse or misuse accounted for 78% of reported exposures. Eighty-two percent of the reported exposures were at, en route to, or referred to health care facilities, and 89% of those cases with a known medical outcome had moderate or major effects. The most frequently reported clinical effects were hallucination, tachycardia, agitation, mydriasis, and confusion; the most frequently reported treatments were intravenous fluids replacement, activated charcoal, cathartic, and benzodiazepines. The pattern of reported jimsonweed exposures in Texas was consistent with previously published literature.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Unit, Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas 78756, USA. mathias.forrester@dshs.state.tx.us

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16905506

Citation

Forrester, Mathias B.. "Jimsonweed (Datura Stramonium) Exposures in Texas, 1998-2004." Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A, vol. 69, no. 19, 2006, pp. 1757-62.
Forrester MB. Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) exposures in Texas, 1998-2004. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2006;69(19):1757-62.
Forrester, M. B. (2006). Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) exposures in Texas, 1998-2004. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A, 69(19), 1757-62.
Forrester MB. Jimsonweed (Datura Stramonium) Exposures in Texas, 1998-2004. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2006;69(19):1757-62. PubMed PMID: 16905506.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) exposures in Texas, 1998-2004. A1 - Forrester,Mathias B, PY - 2006/8/15/pubmed PY - 2006/8/19/medline PY - 2006/8/15/entrez SP - 1757 EP - 62 JF - Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A JO - J Toxicol Environ Health A VL - 69 IS - 19 N2 - For centuries, jimsonweed, Datura stramonium, was known to produce hallucinogenic effects. Jimsonweed is easily obtained and may be abused by adolescents. This investigation examined the patterns of jimsonweed exposures reported to Texas poison control centers during 1998-2004. A total of 188 reported human exposures were identified. Seventy-six percent of the exposures occurred in June-October. For those cases where the information was known, the majority were male (82%) and age 13-19 yr (72%). Intentional abuse or misuse accounted for 78% of reported exposures. Eighty-two percent of the reported exposures were at, en route to, or referred to health care facilities, and 89% of those cases with a known medical outcome had moderate or major effects. The most frequently reported clinical effects were hallucination, tachycardia, agitation, mydriasis, and confusion; the most frequently reported treatments were intravenous fluids replacement, activated charcoal, cathartic, and benzodiazepines. The pattern of reported jimsonweed exposures in Texas was consistent with previously published literature. SN - 1528-7394 UR - https://wwww.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16905506/Jimsonweed__Datura_stramonium__exposures_in_Texas_1998_2004_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -