6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase deficiency with mild hyperphenylalaninemia.Ann Neurol. 2005 Jul; 58(1):164-7.AN
Severe 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydrobiopterin synthase deficiency is a tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency disorder that presents in infancy with developmental delay, seizures, and abnormal movements associated with hyperphenylalaninemia usually detectable by neonatal phenylketonuria screening programs. We describe an 8-year-old girl with delay, seizures, and dystonia with mild hyperphenylalaninemia detected in late childhood. The diagnosis of 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydrobiopterin synthase deficiency was made by analysis of pterins in urine, pterins and neurotransmitters in cerebrospinal fluid, and enzyme assay. The patient improved clinically taking oral tetrahydrobiopterin, levodopa/carbidopa, and 5-hydroxytryptophan. This treatable condition may not always be detected by routine population screening for hyperphenylalaninemia.