6-pyruvoyl tetrahydropterin synthase deficiency: a case report.Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2003; 34 Suppl 3:186-8.SA
A 5 day old girl screened positive for hyperphenylalaninemia on routine newborn screening. Initial diagnostic work-up showed elevated blood phenylalanine of 1100 mmol/L and low tyrosine. Limited protein diet and phenylalanine-free formula were prescribed. Further investigation revealed a defect in biopterin metabolism. Urine had no detectable biopterin (BH4) and an elevated level of neopterin at 24.31 mmol/mole Cr. Enzymatic assay showed zero level of 6-pyruvoyl tetrahydropterin synthase. The activity in the mother was 3.5 or 19.9% of controls consistent with heterozygosity. The concentrations of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and homovanillic acid in the cerebrospinal fluid were below the reference ranges. A treatment regimen of BH4 tablets, 5 hydroxytryptophan and DOPA was initiated. The diagnostic evaluation, management and follow-up of patients with this disorder will be outlined. This is the first reported case of a Filipino with a defect in biopterin metabolism.