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Hallucinogenic plant poisoning in children.
Saudi Med J. 2005 Jan; 26(1):118-21.SM

Abstract

Datura is a hallucinogenic plant found in urban or rural areas in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia KSA. It grows wildly in many parts of the country. Its taste and shape makes it unattractive to both man and animals, though deliberate use by young adults for its hallucinogenic effects have been widely reported for the past 30 years. Datura contains 3 main toxic alkaloids: atropine, scopolamine and hyoscamine. Consumption of any part of the plant can result in severe anticholinergic toxicity. Clinical symptoms are those seen in atropine poisoning, particularly mydriasis and hallucinations. Children have a special susceptibility to atropine toxicity; even small amount may produce central nervous system manifestations. Hospitalization is required for agitation and combative behavior although symptomatic treatment is usually sufficient. We report a case of acute Datura stramonium intoxication in a 6-year-old boy from Khamis Mushayt, KSA, who presented with restlessness, hallucinations and mydriasis 8 hours after ingesting the seeds of Datura plant.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, Armed Forces Hospital Southern Region, PO Box 101, Khamis Mushayt, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. asheik@health.net.saNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15756367

Citation

Al-Shaikh, Adnan M., and Zakira M. Sablay. "Hallucinogenic Plant Poisoning in Children." Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 26, no. 1, 2005, pp. 118-21.
Al-Shaikh AM, Sablay ZM. Hallucinogenic plant poisoning in children. Saudi Med J. 2005;26(1):118-21.
Al-Shaikh, A. M., & Sablay, Z. M. (2005). Hallucinogenic plant poisoning in children. Saudi Medical Journal, 26(1), 118-21.
Al-Shaikh AM, Sablay ZM. Hallucinogenic Plant Poisoning in Children. Saudi Med J. 2005;26(1):118-21. PubMed PMID: 15756367.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hallucinogenic plant poisoning in children. AU - Al-Shaikh,Adnan M, AU - Sablay,Zakira M, PY - 2005/3/10/pubmed PY - 2005/5/25/medline PY - 2005/3/10/entrez SP - 118 EP - 21 JF - Saudi medical journal JO - Saudi Med J VL - 26 IS - 1 N2 - Datura is a hallucinogenic plant found in urban or rural areas in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia KSA. It grows wildly in many parts of the country. Its taste and shape makes it unattractive to both man and animals, though deliberate use by young adults for its hallucinogenic effects have been widely reported for the past 30 years. Datura contains 3 main toxic alkaloids: atropine, scopolamine and hyoscamine. Consumption of any part of the plant can result in severe anticholinergic toxicity. Clinical symptoms are those seen in atropine poisoning, particularly mydriasis and hallucinations. Children have a special susceptibility to atropine toxicity; even small amount may produce central nervous system manifestations. Hospitalization is required for agitation and combative behavior although symptomatic treatment is usually sufficient. We report a case of acute Datura stramonium intoxication in a 6-year-old boy from Khamis Mushayt, KSA, who presented with restlessness, hallucinations and mydriasis 8 hours after ingesting the seeds of Datura plant. SN - 0379-5284 UR - https://wwww.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15756367/Hallucinogenic_plant_poisoning_in_children_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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